Category Archives: U.S. Presidents

DCs and Presidents – Theodore Roosevelt at St. Vincent Hospital, Indianapolis, 1902

Theodore Roosevelt

Theodore Roosevelt, President, 1901-1909

Our last presidential blog featured William McKinley’s visit to Camp Wikoff, Long Island, where the Daughters of Charity served as nurses following the Spanish-American War. Teddy Roosevelt and his Rough Riders were among the soldiers stationed at Camp Wikoff. Serving as McKinley’s Vice President, Roosevelt became President after McKinley was assassinated in 1901. The following year Roosevelt and the Daughters crossed paths for the second time when Roosevelt entered St. Vincent Hospital in Indianapolis for minor surgery. The photo below shows the banner headline from the September 24, 1902 Indianapolis Sentinel. Our records of St. Vincent Hospital contain a number of newspaper clippings which give the details of Roosevelt’s time at the hospital.

Indianapolis Sentinel

Indianapolis Sentinel, September 24, 1902 (Daughters of Charity Provincial Archives)

In the Fall of 1902 Roosevelt embarked on a national speaking tour to promote Republican candidates in the upcoming midterm elections. On September 3, while in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, a speeding trolley car crashed into the presidential carriage, killing one of Roosevelt’s Secret Service agents. Roosevelt himself was thrown from the carriage and seriously injured. Despite his injuries he continued the speaking tour. One injury, a bruise on his leg, began to swell and developed into a small abcess. By the time he reached Indianapolis he had a noticeable limp, and his doctors advised that he should undergo a minor operation, to lance and drain the wound. When the presidential train reached Indianapolis the procedure was performed at St. Vincent Hospital by Dr. John Oliver, a surgeon on the hospital’s medical staff. Dr. Oliver said in a statement to the press, “The operation was performed successfully, but it really was not a serious one. The fear was that if the serum had been allowed to remain, blood poisoning might set in, but I believe there is no further cause for apprehension. The swelling in the President’s leg was about as big as an open hand laid on the leg. The operation only took a short time and in no way affected the physical condition of the President. He is the same today as any other well man, outside of the sore place on his leg.”

The newspapers also reported on the Sisters’ preparations for receiving their distinguished patient.

“Sister Stella has had long experience in hospital work and is known for her coolness and forethought in times of emergency. Within a few minutes the necessary steps were being taken to receive the patient. Room No. 52, a cozy apartment on the fourth floor and fronting on South Street, was quickly got in readiness. White-capped nurses hurried here and there under the direction of the sisters. The private operating room on the fifth floor was made ready …

… A sentry was stationed just inside the outer enrance to the hospital and other guards took up positions outside. While the operation was being performed, Governor Durbin and Senators Fairbanks and Beveridge sat in the north parlor of the hospital waiting for news from the operating room. No one was allowed to go into this parlor. In the south parlor representatives of press associations waited. It was difficult to get any news from above stairs. Perhaps it was about 5 o’clock when the Sister Superior came into the south parlor and announced that the operation was over and that the President had been moved to his room.

‘The President is in a fine humor and is talking and joking,’ the sister said … ”

According to the newspaper accounts, Roosevelt’s nurse in the operating room was Sr. Mary Joseph. The nurse assigned to his private room was Sr. Regina, one of the nurses he had met at Camp Wikoff when the Rough Riders were stationed there.

Roosevelt’s doctors prescribed ten days to two weeks of rest to recuperate from the procedure. The remainder of Roosevelt’s tour was cancelled and he returned to Washington.

For the political context of Roosevelt’s speaking tour, see Doris Kearns Goodwin, The Bully Pulpit: Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, and the Golden Age of Journalism (New York: Simon and Schuster, 2013), p.305-310.

Learn more about Theodore Roosevelt

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DCs and Presidents – William McKinley at Camp Wikoff, Long Island, 1898

President William McKinley at Camp Wikoff

President William McKinley visits Camp Wikoff, Long Island, September 10, 1898


(Photograph reproduced with permission of Daughters of Charity Provincial Archives)
Our February blog series on U.S. Presidents continues with this stereoscope photograph showing, at left, a Daughter of Charity speaking with President William McKinley (right) who visited Camp Wikoff on Sept. 10, 1898. Between them is McKinley’s Secretary of War, Russell Alger. Camp Wikoff, located at Montauk Point, Long Island, New York, was established in August 1898 as a Federal demobilization and quarantine camp for troops returning from Cuba at the close of the Spanish-American War.

Although the sister is unidentified, it’s tempting to think that it might be Sr. Adelaide who, when asked by McKinley what the sisters might need, told him more orderlies. Forty were sent in the following day. All told, 201 Daughters of Charity nursed at eleven hospitals during the Spanish American War; 110 of them eventually served at Camp Wikoff. Of those sisters, four (Sr. Anastasia, Sr. Mary Elizabeth, Sr. Mary and Sr. Mary Agnes) died of exposure to typhoid fever brought home by their patients. This photograph is part of the collection that recently arrived in the Provincial Archives from Albany. Some of the details of the Daughters’ work at Camp Wikoff were taken from Sr. Gertrude Fenner’s 1949 thesis “The Daughters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul in the Spanish American War,” APSL (formerly ASJPH) 10-1-6-#3.

Learn more about William McKinley

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DCs and Presidents: Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln

In honor of Abraham Lincoln’s birthday, we continue our series on Daughters of Charity and U.S. Presidents.

Our collections contain no Abraham Lincoln manuscripts, but Lincoln’s papers do contain references to the Daughters of Charity. Here is one, taken from the Abraham Lincoln Papers at the Library of Congress ., It is a letter from Sister Emerentiana Bowden to Lincoln, dated April 23, 1864, thanking Lincoln for pardoning a Union soldier.

Emerentiana Bowden letter to Lincoln 1864

Sister Emerentiana Bowden, letter to Abraham Lincoln, April 23, 1864, page 1 of 2 (Both images courtesy of the Manuscripts Division, Library of Congress)

Bowden letter, page 2

Bowden letter, page 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Library of Congress site also provides a transcription, which reads as follows:

St Matthew’s Academy
Cor. 18th & N. York Avenue
Washington, D. C.
April 23rd, 1864.
Respected Sir
Accept our heartfelt thanks for the Pardon of John Connor, prisoner in Fort Delaware, which, at our instance, you were so kind as to grant yesterday. You will ever have the prayers & blessing of the afflicted wife & four almost starving children whom you have relieved, and I might say, restored to life, by restoring to them, through their Father, the means of subsistence.

May He upon whom we must all call for pardon be ever propitious to you, prays

Yours Very Respectfully,
Sister Emerentiana Bowden
Sister of Charity.

Lincoln’s order for pardoning John Connor appears in Volume 7, p.309 of the collected works of Abraham Lincoln, ed. Roy P. Basler. From Basler, we know that Lincoln was pardoning Connor for desertion.

The thank-you letter is written from St. Matthews Academy in Washington, DC. Sr. Emerentiana was missioned there in 1860. We do not know the precise connection between Sr. Emerentiana and Connor’s family. Perhaps Connor’s children were pupils at St. Matthew’s Academy. Perhaps she knew the family through their parish. Perhaps she met the family in the course of visiting the poor, which the Sisters often did when they weren’t doing their official duties. Sadly, the full story has been lost to history.

Here’s what we do know about Sr. Emerentiana Bowden:
Community name: Sr. Emerentiana Bowden
Baptismal name: Elizabeth
Father’s name: John Bowden
Mother’s name: Henrietta Derby
Born in Ireland, January 26, 1817 (some community sources say 1821). We do not know when she came to the United States.
Vocation date February 19, 1837
Vow date: March 25,1839
Her Missions
1840: St. Ann’s School, Pottsville, PA
1843: St. Francis Xavier’s School for Little Boys, Emmitsburg, MD
1844: St. John’s Free School and Asylum, Frederick, MD
1845: St. Patrick’s Asylum, Rochester, NY
1850: St. Joseph’s School, Washington, DC
1851: St. Joseph’s Central House, Emmitsburg, MD
1852: St. Peter’s School and Asylum, Wilmington, DE
1853: St. Joseph’s Central House, Emmitsburg, MD
1856: St. Joseph’s Asylum and School, Richmond, VA
1857: St. Vincents Home and School, Washington, DC
1860: St. Matthews School, Washington, DC
1865: St. Peter’s House, Lowell, MA
1869: St. Joseph’s Central House, Emmitsburg, MD

Sister Emerentiana left the community in 1870. We have no information on what became of her after she left the Daughters of Charity.

For more about Lincoln and the Daughters of Charity see our November 9, 2013 blog post.

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